I have the yarrow's iso files on my HD in a RH9 system. Let's say I want
to upgrade selected packages using an "apt-get install" pointing to my
iso-mounted files, how do I do it?
i.e I mount the iso into some /mnt/yarrow1, /mnt/yarrow 2 etc..
Then what is the complete procedure to make my apt look into my own HD to
upgrade packages. Can anybody redirect me to the correct
resource or some literature hanging on the web? Thanks.
Assume also that I do not wish to burn CDs! I do not want to use
With kind regards,
Singapore Synchrotron Light Source (SSLS)
5 Research Link,
Email: slsbdfc at nus dot edu dot sg \or\
didierbe at sps dot nus dot edu dot sg
== Summary ==
Make iptables-nft the preferred iptables variant.
== Owner ==
* Name: [[User:psutter| Phil Sutter]]
* Email: psutter(a)redhat.com
== Detailed Description ==
<code>iptables-nft</code> package provides alternative implementations of
iptables, ip6tables, ebtables and arptables and associated save and restore
commands. These use nftables internally while providing the same look'n'feel as
the original tools. Users may choose between both implementations using
Upstream considers the traditional implementations legacy and therefore renamed
the binaries adding '-legacy' suffix. In Fedora, same has been done to
<code>arptables</code> and <code>ebtables</code> packages, namely renaming them
to <code>arptables-legacy</code> and <code>ebtables-legacy</code>. Legacy
<code>iptables</code> and <code>ip6tables</code> remain in
<code>iptables</code> package, which in fact is the only one other packages
To change the status quo, two measures are planned:
=== Raise priority of nft-variants in <code>alternatives</code> ===
Currently, legacy variants are installed with priority 10 and nft
variants with priority 5. This must be changed as otherwise installing
<code>iptables-legacy</code> in a system with
<code>iptables-nft</code> installed would change the active
alternative (since they are in automatic mode by default).
On the other hand, existing systems using legacy variants should not
be changed by a system update. Therefore nft variants' priorities
should be chosen to match legacy ones.
=== Rename <code>iptables</code> package ===
New name should be <code>iptables-legacy</code> which aligns with
ebtables and arptables and reflects upstream status. To resolve
dependencies, <code>Provides: iptables</code> statement will be added
to <code>iptables-nft</code> package. This should automatically change
the default variant to nft.
== Benefit to Fedora ==
* RHEL8 ships nft-variants exclusively, make Fedora align with that by
default while still providing the option to fall back to legacy tools.
* New features and improvements are likely to hit nft-variants due to
the possibility nftables backend allows for. Although at this point
some legacy features (e.g. ebtables among match) are still missing,
others are already there (like, e.g. xtables-monitor tool) or are
being upstreamed right now (improved tool performance when dealing
with large rulesets).
== Scope ==
* Proposal owners:
Changes are rather simple: Rename <code>iptables</code> package, add
<code>Provides:</code> line to <code>iptables-nft</code> package,
change priorities used when calling <code>alternatives</code>.
* Other developers: N/A
The changed tools may cause regressions among packages using them and
it affects only new installations (or those manually switched over).
So while no explicit effort is required from them, they should be made
aware of the change so they take a possible regression in iptables
into account, quickly test against legacy variant and file a ticket
(or complain to the right person) if that fixes the problem.
* Release engineering: [https://pagure.io/releng/issue/8934 #8934]
* Policies and guidelines: No change required
* Trademark approval: N/A (not needed for this Change)
== Upgrade/compatibility impact ==
Due to the package rename and <code>Provides:</code> line, upgrades will pull
in <code>iptables-nft</code> package. But due to the equal alternatives
priorities, existing choices won't be changed and so existing installations
shouldn't be harmed (apart from forced installation of
Sadly, there are a few known issues, like e.g. missing support for ebtables
broute table or among match and a few iptables targets/matches. Users depending
on such features are advised to install <code>iptables-legacy</code> package
and switch variants using <code>alternatives</code>.
== How To Test ==
Any users of iptables/ebtables/arptables should switch to nft-variants using
alternatives tool (if necessary) and check that everything works as before. Any
issues should be reported despite the known compatibility issues described
above since knowledge about who uses the missing features is valuable
information for both up- and downstream.
== User Experience ==
Ideally look'n'feel shouldn't change. Since iptables-nft does not need a lock
file anymore, no problems with stale xtables-lock or parallel iptables calls in
different mount namespaces are expected anymore. Given the changes currently
being upstreamed, users dealing with large rulesets should see a performance
increase when manipulating the ruleset (lower run-times of iptables or
iptables-restore, packet processing speed should not really change).
== Dependencies ==
Other packages depending on iptables:
Since nft-variants are supposed to be drop-in replacements, no outside
contribution is needed in order to perform this change.
== Contingency Plan ==
* Contingency mechanism: Nothing needs to be done, the change should
* Contingency deadline: N/A
* Blocks release? No
== Documentation ==
* Man pages:
** [http://man7.org/linux/man-pages/man8/xtables-nft.8.html xtables-nft.8]
** [http://man7.org/linux/man-pages/man8/xtables-legacy.8.html xtables-legacy.8]
He / Him / His
Fedora Program Manager
There is a proposal in upstream GlusterFS to drop 32-bit arches.
The original proposal was to drop 32-bit with GlusterFS-7. GlusterFS-7 will
land in Fedora 31/rawhide soon. More than likely though it will not be
official until GlusterFS-8, which will probably land, accordingly, after
Fedora 31 GA in Fedora 32/rawhide.
I just git a "broken dependencies" notice for a package that I maintain.
The reason is that "pdftk" got retired just the other day.
I may have missed a corresponding post on fedora-devel, but I think a
heads up notice to maintainers of depending packages may be in order
before you retire a package, as a general idea.
You see, unretiring a package is so much more work than changing
As for pdftk: I see 2 failed builds for version 1.45 and none for the
current version 2.02 (which probably breaks the api anyways). What are
the plans? Retire pdftk completely? Start fresh with pdftk2?
pdflabs, the maker of pdftk, provide binary as well as source rpms for
pdftk 2.02, by the way. I might even look into packaging it but don't
want to duplicate any existing efforts.
Recently I've reported some Big Endian related test failures to an
upstream project .
I was asked by an upstream project maintainer, whether I know some free
Continuous Integration services where they can easily run their
testsuite on Big Endian.
* Upstream uses Travis CI to test on x86_64 Linux (Ubuntu)
* Upstream uses AppVeyor to test on Microsoft Windows
* It's a pure Python project, noarch, but some changes need to be done
when loading/saving binary data (LE) with NumPy on BE system.
What I've considered:
* COPR (but there is no big endian arch)
* (Ab)using Koji (I guess that would be considered a bad practice?)
* using QUEMU on Travis CI 
Any better tips? Thanks
I just had to setup a new machine, and new ssh keys.
I chose my new id_rsa.pub to upload.
But I get:
git push --verbose
Pushing to ssh://email@example.com/mercurial
Permission denied (publickey).
fatal: The remote end hung up unexpectedly
After review, Fedora has determined that the Server Side Public License
v1 (SSPL) is not a Free Software License.
It is the belief of Fedora that the SSPL is intentionally crafted to be
aggressively discriminatory towards a specific class of users.
Additionally, it seems clear that the intent of the license author is to
cause Fear, Uncertainty, and Doubt towards commercial users of software
under that license. To consider the SSPL to be "Free" or "Open Source"
causes that shadow to be cast across all other licenses in the FOSS
ecosystem, even though none of them carry that risk.
It is also worth nothing that while there is a draft for a "v2" of the SSPL:
A) It is not final.
B) It is not in use anywhere at this time (as far as we know).
C) The intent of the v2 draft text is not changed from the v1 license
currently in use.
We have updated our "Bad License" list to include SSPLv1. No software
under that license may be included in Fedora (including EPEL and COPRs).